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PostSubject: The Welsh Tradition   The Welsh Tradition Icon_minitimeSat Sep 17, 2016 3:59 pm

The Welsh Tradition

The Welsh Tradition 8a27d710The Welsh Tradition 15ed4010

In the Welsh tradition each God and Goddess is represented by a totem animal which symbolizes the power of the deity in our daily life. This relationship between animals and deities, has over the eons, built a complex relationship of religious rituals, energies of the land, and magickal practices. This same philosophy is applied to trees, plants, mountains, springs and the weather. Every Land or tribal location has a Sacred Centre of Divine Being. Following is a summary of major Welsh totem animals and their divinities:
The Owl is associated with Bloeddewedd, and is a symbol of knowledge. The Stag is associated with Cernunnos. This is the aspect of the wild hunt in which the spirits of the dead are transported to the underworld. The horns of the stag are symbolic of the Lord of the Animals. Also associated with Merlin. The Serpent is also associated with the God Cernunnos and is found on Torcs, the sacred neck ornament. Some serpent Torcs also have a ram's head which symbolize the power of nature and animals. The Horse is associated with the Goddesses Epona and Rhiannon. This represents the power and fertility of the horse connected to the Kingship of the clan. The Bear is associated with the Goddesses Artio and Andarta and the Gods Arthgen *Arthur* and Artogenus. The Bear symbolizes the King's connection to the land as well as the Constellation Arcturus, The Great Bear. The Bull is associated with the God Esus, trees, and the three Cranes. The Boar is associated with the Goddess Ceridwen and the God Math. The Pig is thus closely associated with shape shifting transformative powers as well as necromancy and flight. Other important totem animals are: the Raven is associated with the goddess Morrigna, the Salmon of Knowledge is associated with, the Hare is associated with, and the Ram is associated with the God Cernunnos.
The Celtic Cross, the Winged Ankh, and the Pentacle are also symbols of these mysteries. The Celtic Cross is the equal armed cross in a circle which is the symbol of male and female energies confined only by the boundaries of the Universe. The Ankh represents eternal life and the Pentacle represents spiritual and earthly power.
We believe that when we die, we travel to that land beyond the veil of Maya, where weary souls repose within the realms of the Horned One and the Great Mother, to grow young again and to be reborn upon the earth. This is that fair land of nod called GWLAD YR HAV or the Summerland. It is the land to which the Wiccan go when they leave this life on earth. This is the abode of the Gods and Goddesses.
Her name is Arianrhod. She is called the Blue Virgin of the Outer Darkness. She is the whole Universe, created and un-created, before and after. She is the great infinite one who divided herself and brought forth light. The Star Goddess appears as a beautiful woman with great wings, her whole body Dark Blue, her hair sprinkled with a million stars. She is seated on a throne of amber with a silver egg in her lap, surrounded by a halo of blue flames. Her emblem is a serpent with its tail in its mouth.
Nimue, the Spring Queen. She is the spirit of new growth, of both plants and animals. She is the daughter of the Earth Mother, the spirit of all her children. The Corn Maiden appears as a young girl, her body shining white, holding a silver bow. Her emblem is a six-day-old crescent Moon, which She wears upon her brow. Nimue also takes a prepubescent form whose color is pink, and who is the first emanation of the Star Goddess. She appears as a young child, naked or robed in white or pink, and is especially associated with caves and wells. Nimue also known as Morgana, is "the lady of the lake", who is mentioned in the Arthurian legends. She was Merlin's half-sister and she tricked the secret of enchantment from Merlin, and she demonstrates the virtue of responsibility to the seeker. She welds the power of healing and Magick and is the guardian of woman's powers dedicated to higher wisdom. In order for her powers to become awakened, your desire and energy must be pure and sacred.
Donn (Danu), the great mother goddess; she is an embodiment of the forces of the sacred land. This can range from the family to the solar system or a pattern of stars. She is also called Mari (Mary) and is the spirit of Earth, Sea, and Sky. The world is her body, and through it she manifests. She gives us birth, nourishes and sustains us while we live, and receives us back again in death. She appears as a tall, majestic woman standing naked upon the sea. Her hair is black, and covers her like a veil. In her aspect as Modron (Matrona), she is the archetypal Mother Goddess who is mother of The Land. Her breasts are full and heavy, and her belly is swollen and round. Her entire body shines like silver. She wears a circle of twelve stars around her head. Her emblem is the full Moon.
Ceridwen or Kerridwen, Ceridwen, Caridwen, *sometimes spelled with two r's*, the Mother Goddess of corn, inspiration & keeper of the Cauldron of Knowledge; she is the symbol of the Witch and her name translates as "the Cauldron of Wisdom". She has the power of Magick and prophecy and she helps the seeker to find their own powers; beware of anger that is the cause of your powers being stolen; best known for her role in the story of the poet Taliesin's childhood. There was born to her a son named Morvan ab Tegid, and a daughter named Creirwy, the fairest maiden in the land. These represent the dark and light aspects which are part of her makeup; If you align herself with Ceridwen, you must be ever watchful that you are conscious of all life and magickal operations around you in order to guarantee a complete success. Her symbol is the Cauldron which is the symbol for prosperity and rebirth. Her totem animal is the White Boar or Sow which also represents the moon as well as Ceridwen's crone/transformation aspect. The Pig is thus closely associated with shape shifting transformative powers as well as necromancy and flight. She is the consort of Tegid Foel. In the Taliesin story, Ceridwen prepared a brew in a great cauldron which was to give her son Afagddu the gifts of inspiration and knowledge to compensate for his ugly appearance, and set the child Gwion to stirring it. However, Gwion tasted the brew and thus obtained its benefits. Ceridwen, realizing what had happened, pursued the boy, during which both she and Gwion transformed themselves into a variety of creatures. Finally, Ceridwen in the form of a hen, swallowed Gwion in the shape of a grain of corn. However, this only served to impregnate Ceridwen, and she later gave birth to the rejuvenated Gwion. She wrapped the infant up in a leather bag and threw him into the river. The child was rescued by a fisherman on May eve, who, struck by the child's beauty, named him Taliesin ('radiant brow'). He became the great bard Taliesin, and attributed his magic talents to her. She is also called Anna or Annys, the Hag and Queen of the Dead. She is the spirit of night and the sleeping body of the Earth in winter, the realm of the dead. She is also the primordial Priestess, often called "the Black Anna of the Forbidden Mysteries." The Crone appears as a very old woman, wrapped in a hooded black cloak. Her skin and hair are pure white. She holds a great curved silver sickle, and She is crowned with nine blue stars. Her emblem is a black raven.
Danaglas is also called the Serpent in the Well and the Flower King. He is the spirit of Spring, youth, and potency. His seed is the life-giving moisture of rain and rising springs. He also represents the human Divine Spirit, from His quality of pure innocence. The Blue God appears androgynous; he has the breasts of a young girl, and an erect penis. His body is a light, silvery blue. He wears about His neck a great serpent, and in His hair are peacock-eye feathers. He is represented by the stones in the avenue at Avebury. His emblem is a golden peacock with a silver star on its breast.
Twr (*Welsh for tower* is the Corn King. He is the spirit of Summer, a spirit of Light and Heat in its aspect of nourishing and energizing life. He is the son and lover of the Earth Mother. The Harvest Lord appears as a stag-headed man. His body is completely golden: skin, hair, eyes, and horns. His neck is wreathed with a garland of summer flowers and green leaves about the neck. His emblem is a golden sun.
Arddu *Old Welsh, "royal darkness* is the Dark Lord and King of the Dead. He is the spirit of winter and death. In Witchcraft, Death is called the Great Teacher, and so the Winter King, as the bringer of death, is the giver of wisdom and knowledge, the Guardian of the Mysteries. The Winter King has the black wings of a bat, the breasts of an old woman, and the head, horns, and legs of a goat. Between his horns rises a flaming torch. On his forehead is a large red jewel. The Bull is also associated with him.
Kernunnos, the horned one, the Celtic "Father of Animals" with his companion Stag and Boar is associated with Cernunnos, connected with fertility and wealth. Cernunnos is depicted as the 'horned god', with the antlers of a stag, most notably on the famous Gundestrup cauldron discovered in Denmark. This is the aspect of the wild hunt in which the spirits of the dead are transported to the underworld. The horns of the stag are symbolic of the Lord of the Animals. He is an archetype of masculine energy in balance with the natural world. He is the god of wisdom & woodlands; God of green and growing things; he is pictured sitting cross-legged with antlers growing out of his head, in meditative entrancement with nature; around his neck Kernunnos wears a torc, commemorating his sacred marriage as husbandman to Mother Earth; with his right hand he bestows upon the seeker a torc of initiation. Held under control in his intuitive left hand is the ram-headed serpent connoting sexual power and vitality. He is also known as Hern the Hunter, saxon god of wisdom, and as such he is often pictured leading the Wild Hunt with a pack of white hounds with red ears.
The Welsh Tribal Gods are further divided into three families: the children of Donu (Dione, Diana); second, the children of Nudd (Lludd, Lud); and third, the children of Llyr (Le'r, Lir). A fourth family, the Children of the Dagda is also included below as it's dieties were shared by Ireland and Wales. These Gods may also be defined within the three broad categories of Gods and Goddesses within the Three Worlds: Primal Underworld which is also Stellar; Solar and planetary...the divine powers of creation; and the Lunar forces of nature controlling the order of living beings on the Earth.
The Children of Donn are the Gods of the Heavens; the constellation Cassiopia is called *Donn's Court*, the constellation of The Northern Crown *containing Polaris, the Pole or North Star* is called "Caer Arianrod" - the Castle of Arianrod, who was Donn's daughter. The Milky Way is the *Castle of Gwydion* - The son of Donn.
Beli, Bile, Belenos), Master of the Gods; God of the power of light and beauty with many solar attributes. Identified with Apollo, is the consort of Donn and the father of Nudd. Donn herself has a brother, Math son of Mathonwy *who is Beli under another aspect*. Math means *Treasure*. Math, vab*son of* Mathonwy; is also the god of wizardry and transformation; he changes his shape into that of animals and birds; he is guide to many mysteries; It is a common belief among our people that wisdom as well as wealth came originally from the underworld *Atlantis*, and Math hands down his magickal lore to his sisters son and pupil Gwydion, who, there is good reason to believe is also known as Woden or Oden to the teutonic tribes of Scandinavia.
Thus equipped, Gwydion son of Donn, became the Druid of the Gods, the master of fantasy and illusion, the teacher of all that is useful and good, the helper and friend of humankind, and the perpetual fighter against the powers of evil, for the good gifts which they would not allow out of their keeping. Gwydion, is the bardic god of Wisdom is a nephew to King Math; he is also the arch mover and a magician. Gwydion's brothers, Amaetheon, God of Agriculture; this is the God of the Earth and of the East, and Govannan, blacksmith of the Gods; the brother of Amathaon and Gwydion. It was Govannon who slew the sea god Dylan. God of the South; fight shoulder to shoulder with Gwydion in the war of "learning" against ignorance. In another aspect he is also Nwyvre, husband and son to Arianrod, sky father.
His sister Arianrod (Silver Wheel) the Welsh mother goddess *goddess of the moon and stars*; earth goddess, daughter and/or wife of Don, wife and/or sister of Gwydion, and mother of Lleu Llaw Gyffes and the sea god Dylan. Her name is interpreted variously as meaning 'silver wheel', 'silver circle' or 'high fruitful mother'; she is the stern mistress of fate; Caer Arianrod, her home, is the castle of death and rebirth; and is also the place of initiation. She is the mother of Llew and of Dylan. She is the ruler of Caer Sidi. Her name means Silver Wheel. She is the weaver of the threads of life.) who is also his wife, gave birth to two sons: Dylan of the Waves, whose nature is of the sea; God of the West, and Llew of the Steady Hand, the Sun God, Lleu of the Dexterous Hand, analog of Irish Lug. He was the son of Arianrhod and Gwydion. Dylan and Llew were considered to represent the Dyad of Darkness and Light. Dylan was killed by his uncle Govannan with a spear, and all the waves wept for him because he was of the sea. The sea is inseparably connected to the darkness by Celtic philosophy. The other son Llew grew up to become the Celtic sun god Llew Llaw Gyffes, Light (or Lion) of the Long (or Steady) Hand.
Gwydion and Math made a woman out of flowers by charms and illusions. they called her Blodeuwedd *flowery-face* and gave her to Llew as a wife. They also gave Llew a palace called Mur y Castell, near Bala Lake. After attempting to murder Llew and run off with Goronwy *a prince of darkness*, Blodeuwedd was turned into a owl. Llew killed him with a spear despite the fact that Goronwy stood behind a stone.
Nynniaw, and Peibaw are twin brothers and also sons of Don. They are said to be continually battling each other for the stars and the sky in which they rest. Their symbols are Oxen.
The last child of Don was Penardun, who married the sea-god Llyr.
Nudd or LLudd is the equivalent of the Greek god Zeus and is the same person in Wales as is Nuada of the Silver Hand in Ireland. Nudd is the God of Heaven and battle. His symbol is the Sun, and he drives a chariot drawn by four horses. Nudd is the son of Beli;
Gwyn ap Nudd *Gwyn son of Nudd* is the equivalent of Finn Mac Camahil *Finn MacCool*, the Irish hero, and is a god in his own right. Gwyn means White and he is a hunter of men and is a god of battle and the dead. He is also god king of Y Dynion Mwyn. He is the ruler of "The Mountain Mist". Gwyn is not a sinister god in our legends. Arawn, King of the Otherworld; *Gwynn ap Nudd in another aspect* is King of the Faeiry and the Underworld; He conducts our souls, at the time of our deaths, to Avalon also known as Annwn, the Summerland, a happy place of rest and preparation for rebirth. Gwyn has a brother who is also his rival. His name is Gwyrthur *Arthur* ap Greidawl *Griendle or Grindel* which translates as Victor Son of Scorcher. As in all myths, we must consider the two rivals as merely aspects of the same deity, and Gwyn is as we know, the god of Summer.
His sister, Creuddylad, who is also his sister, is the Welsh "Persephone", the Goddess of Spring and the daughter of Lludd; she is the child of the shining sky. She is a Goddess of Beauty. Gwyn and Gwyrthur are rivals for the love of Creuddylad, and each in turn, steals her from the other at Midsummer and Yule. Llud decreed that, *they shall fight each other on the first of May and the first of November for the hand of the maiden, and whichever of them shall be the winner shall have the maiden.* This story is a symbol of the powers of Winter and Summer in contest, each alternately winning and losing a bride who represents Spring with its Garland of flowers.
The next child of Donn, Peradur, guardian of the Grail, married the sea god Llyr Llediaith,. The name Llyr *Le'r* means "the sea" and he is God of the Ocean and father of Bran; Llyr had two wives, Penardur and Iweridd *Ireland*. By Penardur the daughter of Donn, Llyr had a son called Manawydan, Manawyddan or Manannan *also Barinthus*; he is the master God of the seas, the guide of souls who seek the Summerland; and God of navigation and travelers. By Iweridd, Llyr had two children, a daughter named Branwen and a son named Bran. The last child of Donn was Arddun, sister to Peredur and wife of Catgor son of the Dagda.
Branwen of the fair Bosom, is a goddess of love and is identified with the sea, like the goddess Aphrodite, and is descended form an earlier Celtic goddess of love. She was the daughter of the sea god Llyr by Iweridd, sister of Bran, and wife of King Matholwch of England. She is also Bronwen, Sister of Bran, and is called White Raven;
Brighid, Brigit, or Bride, is the sister of Lugh, the goddess of Spring; this one of our major deities; she represents the sister or virgin aspect of the Great Goddess; she is the patroness of cultural development, the arts and sciences, and domestic skills; she is also the patroness of heroes who undertake magickal and spiritual tasks. She is linked directly to religious themes of Underworld Quests and Sacred Kingships.
Bran the Blessed, Titanic God of the Britons, on the other hand is a dark deity of Hades *Celtic Heaven*. He was so vast in size that he could wade through seas towing the ships of his followers; he is a god of earth and mountains. He delights in battle and carnage. He also, by contrast, was the patron of Bards, Minstrels, and Musicians. He is the brother of the sea god known to the Irish as Manannan mac Lir and to the Welsh as Manawydan ap Llyr. The raven *or crow* was associated with him, and his name can be taken to mean 'raven', and some scholars take this to mean that he was a god of the underworld. In Irish myth, Bran was said to have sailed to the otherworld, from which voyage he and his men could not return without dying once they set foot on Irish soil, a great deal of time having passed in the world of the living. In Welsh myth, Bran was said to have been killed while leading an invasion of Ireland. Bran was said to have instructed his men to bury his head in the White Mount in London, where it would ward off invasion as long as it remained undisturbed. King Arthur is said to have had the head removed from the site, saying that Britain should be protected by the valour of its people rather than by supernatural means. His son was called Caradawc the Strong Armed.
The last daughter of Llyr was Arddun, sister to Peredur and wife of Catgor son of the Dagda.
The Tuatha De Danaan were the main family of Irish gods. The name means *Children of the Goddess Danu*. Danu served as their chief goddess and matriarch but was not literally their mother. They defeated the Fomors at the battle of Moytura. They were in turn defeated by the Milesians, after which they retired to the Irish underworld.
Dagda, the Good God is a god of immense strength and appetites, he is all competent. He wears the humble garment of a servant, wields a huge club symbolic of his power, which could both kill and restore men to life, and a great cauldron which provided an inexhaustible source of food. This is the same cauldron which Cerridwen guards. This cauldron has properties of rejuvenation and inexhaustibility; The Dagda couples with the Morrigan at Samhain, invoking her fertility and blessings on the tribe in the coming year. He is leader of the Tuatha De Danann. One of his epithets was Ollathir, which is generally interpreted as meaning 'All-father'. He is paired with the goddesses Morrigan and Boann, and is the father of Brigit and Aengus Mac Oc. The Dagda is portrayed as possessing both super-human strength and appetite.
Nuada, *Nuada of the Silver Hand*. An Irish god and one time leader of the Tuatha de Danaan. He lost a hand at the first Battle of Magh Tuireadh fighting against the Firbolgs. Due to this infirmity, he was forced to give up his position as king of the Tuatha De Danaan. Dian Cecht made him a silver hand *whence the epithet*. However, Dian Cecht's son Miach later gave Nuada a new hand of flesh and blood which allowed him to regain the kingship. Nuada was killed in the second Battle of Magh Tuireadh by the Fomorii leader Balor.
Balor, Irish god of death, King of the Fomorians. Son of Buarainech, husband of Cethlenn. Balor had one eye which had the power of striking dead anyone who looked into it. At the Battle of Moytura he slew Nuada but was slain in turn by the god Lug. It had been prophesied that Balor would be killed by his own grandson. To prevent this, he had his only daughter Ethlinn locked up in a crystal tower on Tory Island. But Cian, one of the rival Tuatha De Danaan, managed to reach Ethlinn with the aid of a druidess named Birog, and slept with her. Ethlinn gave birth to a boy, which Balor discovered and threw into the sea. The druidess Birog saved the boy, who was subsequently fostered by the sea god Manannan Mac Lir, and the boy grew to become Lugh Lamhfada of the Long Arm, or Lug.
Danu, Anu, Dana, Irish (Celtic) earth mother. Matriarch of the Tuatha de Danaan *People of the Goddess Danu*, the gods of Ireland. The Dagda, one of the *People of Danu*, was sometimes referred to as her father. Her Welsh equivalent was the goddess Don.
Angus eventually displaced his father Dagda from his palace. As a god of love and amorous alliances, he has some of the qualities of the Greek Eros. He is the Irish god of youth. Son of the Dagda and 'the wife of Elcmar', generally believed to be the goddess Boann. He is associated with the valley of the River Boyne. Aengus was said to have dreamed of a beautiful maiden, for whom he searched all Ireland. He eventually found her, named Caer, chained to 150 maidens who were destined to turn into swans at the feast of Samhain *November 1*. Aengus transformed himself into a swan and was so united with Caer, who followed him back to his palace at Brugh na Boinne on the River Boyne *modern New Grange*.
Brigit, Brigid, Brigindo, *Brigantia - exalted one* is the Goddess of Northern England; She is the triple goddess of the hearth, childbirth, abundance and poetic inspiration; is also the goddess of poets, healing, fertility, and patroness of smiths. In Ireland she was known as the daughter of the Dagda and wife of the god Bres. Also known in Gaul and Britain, she is patroness of the spring festival of Imbolc, on February 1. Giraldus Cambrensis, a medieval Welsh chronicler, wrote that in his day a fire was maintained at her sanctuary at Kildare, Ireland. Her worship continued after Christianization in the form of St. Brigit or St. Bride.
Mider was king of the underworld and had his castle in Falga, *Isle of Man*
Ogmas is the God of literature and invented the Ogham alphabet. He is married to Etain, a daughter of Dianecht, the god of healing and medicine. The son of Dagda. He is equivalent to the Gallic Ogmios.
Morrigan *also Medbh*, which means Phantom Queen, has three sister aspects: Morrigna or Macha, the death crone symbolized by the raven; Nemhain or Ana, the fertility maiden; and Badb, the boiling mother cauldron, producer of life; she is the red haired war goddess of the Sea and of death; she is sometimes seen as the Wise woman in her destructive aspect. She often appears in triple form. She combines the threshold energies of life and death, sexuality and conflict in one Goddess. She has the ability to open up your capabilities to prophecy or channeling. She is an enchantress. But you must beware of her ability to awaken deception in yourself and others. Her symbols are the Raven and crossed spears.
Dyfed *the modern county of Pembrokshire, Wales* was ruled by a local tribe of gods whose central figures were Pwyll, king of Annwn; his wife Rhiannon, Lady of the Birds; also called Epona. The Horse is also associated with Epona and Rhiannon. The power and fertility of the horse is thus connected to the Kingship of the clan. Rigantona, The Great Queen, is also a Goddess of horses and fertility. She is queen to the underworld, and moves about the countryside so fast that a mere mortal can never catch her. She brings kindness into your life, but does not abide arrogance and cowardice. She is concerned with the forces of fertility and nourishment. Her symbols are the pale grey horse and the three sacred birds who sing lullabies and sweet melodies. She is associated with corn, fruits and serpents. She gives birth to Pryderi, son of Pwyll; After Pwyll's death, his widow Rhiannon becomes the wife of Manawydan. They become co-rulers of Summerland and the Wardens of the Cauldron of Inspiration. Aedd is the father of Prydain, father of Britain; The Gods Arthgen (Arthur) and Artogenus became associated with the Arthurian legends. Their totem, the Bear, symbolizes the King's connection to the land as well as the Constellation Arcturus, The Great Bear. Gwenhwyvar was the wife of Arthur.
The Seven Guardians are the highest manifestations of the elemental principles. The legends of our tradition call them the Nephelim, or Old Ones; it is said that they came to us when we called them from among the stars where they were born. The oldest form of the legend says that when humankind was in its infancy, the Nephelim mated with humankind, and that the Welsh Faerie Peoples, from whom the Welsh Tradition is handed down, are their descendants. They appear to us as both male and female in form, for the essence of each is, like the human spirit, androgynous: not merely male, and not merely female.
AMAETHEON, THE GUARDIAN OF THE EAST : represents the power of knowledge. He appears standing before the rising sun. His body is transparent golden yellow, his eyes are two very bright light-blue stars, and he has great wings colored pale violet. His right hand holds a wand of sapphire, bound with gold at the top and silver at the bottom.
GOVANNAN, THE GUARDIAN OF THE SOUTH : represents the power of Truth. He appears in the desert at high noon. His body is transparent ruby red, and he is surrounded by a cloud of fire like the teardrop shape of a candle flame. In his right hand he holds a sword of bright blue metal, the Sword of Dyrnwyn, which is also known as Excalibur.
DYLAN, THE GUARDIAN OF THE WEST : represents the power of Love. He appears as a dragon colored transparent green, rising from the sea, with cascades of water gushing from his jaws, surrounded by the colors of sunset. His left hand holds a silver chalice.
BOREAS, THE GUARDIAN OF THE NORTH WIND:  represents the power of Wisdom. He appears as a jet-black goat with silver horns and golden eyes, in a cave deep in Earth at midnight, surrounded by a halo of flickering blue fire. His left hoof rests upon a perfect cube of green stone on which is engraved a pentacle.
ARIANRHOD, GUARDIAN OF THE HEAVENS : The Guardian of the Heavens appears as a human-shaped silhouette, a blackness blazing with stars. This is Arianrhod, the ruler of the Stars.
TALIESIN, GUARDIAN OF THE UNDERWORLD : The Guardian of the Underworld appears as a great fish which is normally a Salmon, coiled in a circle, with dark-brown scales flecked with green and blue iridescence, carrying a burning ember in its mouth. This is also Taliesin, of the Shining Brow, chief Bard of the Isle of Britain; he is companion to those who choose the narrow path of understanding through the highest elemental contacts.
MATH, GUARDIAN OF THE GATES : The Guardian of the Center represents the power of pure consciousness.
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